Here’s What You Ought to Know About Re-feeding Syndrome
Refeeding Syndrome is a complication that can prove to be lethal. It occurs when an individual with malnourishment, gets proper nutrition. If someone provides nutrition in haste, there can be a deadly imbalance in the body’s electrolyte levels. Consuming excess food or liquid nutrition supplement during the initial five to seven days, it triggers the production of protein, fat, and glycogen in the cells. Sudden changes in the body can cause brain, heart, and kidney damage as well, which can be life-threatening. Know more about the syndrome below.
The refeeding syndrome symptoms can have potentially lethal effects. When an individual suffers from malnourishment, the body tends to overcompensate the loss. This is probably the reason why people with malnourishment have healthy test results at the inception.
When that individual gets proper nutrition and hydration, it leads to complications. For instance in the first one week or so your body starts overcompensating.
Now, while the person reinitiates the eating and drinking process, it’s normal for the body to find the change overwhelming. The symptoms of refeeding syndrome include hypokalemia hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, low blood pressure, and anemia. One might also experience an increase in the heart rate, heart arrhythmias, abnormal urine tests, abnormal liver function, abnormal kidney function tests, weight gain. Metabolic changes like vitamin deficiencies are also common symptoms. Aside from these, the list of syndromes also includes fatigue, difficulty in breathing, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, muscle pain, swelling, and paralysis too.
Refeeding syndrome has been a problem for several decades now. It is usually prevalent among people with food deprivation owing to famine, poverty, capture, or illness. When medical professionals chance upon individuals with malnourishment until a few decades ago, they replenish these people with proper food. Feeding them in large quantities was also seen as an option. All in all, to suffice for their long phases of hunger, instant nourishment was the only probable solution.
These doctors were in for a shock after noticing that people with malnourishment often died instead of getting better when they got proper food. They lost their lives within days of starting to eat and drink. Thus making the medical stall realize that they need to come up with a different approach. Instead of instantly replenishing the starving individuals, they rehydrate and reefed them gradually. This approach takes into account all the pros and cons. This was a crucial period, and keen eyes were on the patients to monitor them in case anything lethal occurs.
What Happens To The Body
When the body does not get sufficient hydration and nutrition, it uses the fat stores and muscle to compensate for the energy loss. If a person is in a state of starvation for a long time, the body will be using these stores more energy. This means that if the individuals continue to starve, their stores will not replenish in the way they should. Malnourishment forces the body to handle all activities less effectively.
Loss of fat and muscles has a detrimental impact on an individual’s agility and vital organs. The heart happens to be the most vulnerable muscle. Hence, patients with malnourishment tend to develop issues related to the heart. In addition to that, the more a person remains prone to malnourishment, the more vulnerable they will be to illness and injuries. It harms the immune system of the person. Thus it takes the patients a longer time to heal.
Refeeding syndrome occurs in adults who have been suffering from malnourishment and have been under intensive care. Not only adults, but refeeding syndrome can also happen with kids as well, though that’s not common. However, the problem lies in the fact that the amount of research done on this is not adequate. Oncologists, who are working to heal patients suffering from malnourishment, are likely to come across refeeding syndrome the most.
As you might have known by now, refeeding syndrome is a condition that can put your life at risk. The imbalances caused need immediate medical attention. As a malnourished individual starts to recuperate, the treatment methods need to change to ward off any complications later on. So, if you think you might be experiencing refeeding syndrome or know someone, consult a specialist.
More in Nutrition
Four Organic Gardening Tips for Beginners
As a beginner in vegetable gardening, you have a lot of questions in your mind, such as what vegetables are ideal...August 2, 2021
Post-Workout Nutrition Advice to Make the Most of Your Sweat Session!
Working out is important to stay in great shape and healthy. But what is equally important is to fuel your body...July 22, 2021
The Combination of Yoga and Barre Can Offer Myriad Benefits! Five Reasons to Try it!
Yoga and barre are two of the most popular workouts out there and they can offer myriad benefits. Imagine the benefits...July 20, 2021
This Is How Drinking Coffee Can Help You Reach Your Fitness Goals
Coffee has a major role to play in fitness. People often ask questions about whether having coffee before a workout is...July 18, 2021
Here Are Some Practical Tips to Fulfill Your Flat Belly Goals Right Now!
Where you go people are now doling out flat belly advice these days. And it’s hard listening to all that advice...July 15, 2021
Here Are Seven Motivational Tips from Khloe Kardashian and How to Get a ‘Revenge Body!’
Revenge Body with Khloé Kardashian, Kardashian’s reality show that aired its first episode on the E Cable network on January 12,...July 13, 2021
Here’s How You Can Make Your Trail Running More Fun and Effective!
It happens to most seasoned trail runners – you hit the plateau sooner than you like – when no matter how...July 11, 2021
Who Says Women Over Forty Cannot Lose Weight? Here Are Some Amazing Tips to Shed The Pounds For Good!
When you were in your twenties, losing weight wasn’t such a great deal. Eat a scoop or even a tub of...July 8, 2021
How to Make Your Child More Physically Active? Here Are Tips and Tricks that Actually Works!
The kind of sedentary lifestyle we are leading, physical activities have gone down to an all-time low. It’s not only adults...July 6, 2021